Riksantikvarieämbetet

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Eastern Middle Sweden, Finland and beyond in the Late Vendel and Early Viking periods: in memory of Professor Ella Kivikoski, Helsingfors (1901–1990)
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2024 (English)In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 119, no 1, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Scandinavian interest in the Eurasian fur trade started in the early 8th century. Contacts between the Baltic Finns and the Permian groups in the Volga-Kama-Vjatka river region was the impetus for these contacts. The trail is seen in distinct Nevolino belt fittings, chain holders with twin horse heads and glassbeads emanating from the East. Scandinavian fur traders established close interaction with the Baltic Finns in what is today Finland and probably Northern Estonia increased from AD 700. Scandinavian glass beads and swords were in use in South-Western Finland in the early 8th c. Finnish A III pottery emerged in Eastern Middle Sweden already in the late 7th c., both as imports proper but also as local products made by Finnish women. In this early phase of interaction personal contacts obviously played a major role. After c. AD 860 these connections changed. The Baltic Finns expressed their cultural identity in a more exposed way. Scandinavian traders turned their attention to the expanding market based on Birka and the Rus’. From c. AD 860 territorial claims in the East were accentuated, leading to the later, bigger Rus’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2024. Vol. 119, no 1, p. 1-24
Keywords [en]
Fur trade; Baltic Finns; Merovingian Period; Viking Age; Eastern expansion; Glass beads; Nevolino belts; Baltic Finnic fine ware; Carinated pottery
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:raa:diva-8472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:raa-8472DiVA, id: diva2:1846887
Available from: 2024-03-25 Created: 2024-03-25 Last updated: 2024-03-28Bibliographically approved

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1234567 7 of 7
CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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